DWI is serious business in Texas. The criminal justice process gives conviction on a charge of driving while intoxicated personally and professionally devastating consequences. It can cost you a suspended driver’s license, thousands of dollars in fines and fees, and it could cost you your job and affect your future prospects.
At the Law Offices of Willie D. Powells III and Associates, PLLC, we provide an aggressive defense for individuals arrested and charged with DWI in Houston. You are not just another number to us. We are always available by phone, email, or text and work hard to obtain the best possible outcome in your case.
How Is DWI Defined in Texas?
Each state has specific laws defining driving while intoxicated. As stated in the Texas Penal Code, Title 10, Chapter 49, “intoxicated” means:
- “Not having the normal use of mental or physical faculties by reason of the introduction of alcohol, a controlled substance, a drug, a dangerous drug, a combination of two or more of those substances, or any other substance into the body; or
- Having an alcohol concentration of .08 or more.”
The blood alcohol concentration (BAC) legal limit is lower (.04%) for drivers under the age of 21 and commercial drivers operating under a CDL (commercial driver’s license).
What Are the Penalties for DWI?
Penalties for a first time DWI depend on your BAC and other aggravating factors, such as an open container in the vehicle. With a BAC of .08% or greater but less than .15%, you face:
- Fine of no more than $2,000
- Three to 180 days jail time
- Driver’s license suspension for 90 to 365 days
If your BAC was .15% or higher, possible fines increase to not more than $4,000 and maximum possible jail time increases to up to one year. If you had an open container in the car at the time of arrest, minimum jail time increases to six days.
Defenses against DWI in Texas
If you have been arrested for DWI, law enforcement officials have undoubtedly collected evidence to support the case against you. Even in the face of existing evidence, there may be ways to mount an effective defense. Your best course of action after a DWI arrest is to consult with an experienced Houston DWI attorney as soon as possible.
Traffic Stop Defenses
A police officer must have reasonable suspicion of a violation of the law to make a traffic stop. Reasonable suspicion must be based on articulable (capable of being expressed, explained, or justified) facts that criminal activity is occurring. Reckless behavior, such as speeding, swerving, and erratic driving may create reasonable suspicion and justify a traffic stop.
If the police officer does not have reasonable suspicion to make a traffic stop, any evidence collected while you were detained may be found to be inadmissible in court. This includes results of field sobriety testing, breath tests, and blood tests.
Even if the officer has reasonable suspicion, probable cause to believe you are intoxicated is still needed for the officer to detain you beyond issuing a traffic ticket or executing the purpose of the stop.
Field Sobriety Test Defenses
Police officers in Texas typically use three field sobriety tests:
- Walk and turn: The person is ordered to take nine heel-to-toe steps along a straight line, then directed to turn on one foot and continue the same way in the opposite direction.
- One-leg stand: The person stands with one foot approximately six inches off the ground and counts aloud by thousands until told to stop.
- Horizontal gaze nystagmus (HGN): This test measures the involuntary jerking of the eye (nystagmus) when it gazes to the side, thought to be exaggerated by alcohol. The person is asked to follow an object 12 to 15 inches away with the eyes only.
Designed to measure concentration and motor skill as an indicator of intoxication, these field sobriety tests are flawed. Results can vary significantly depending on the person’s weight, fatigue level, medical conditions, coordination and balance, and environmental conditions.
Breath and Blood Test Defenses
Technology employed in breath testing for alcohol is not infallible. Results can be affected by a number of factors, including residual mouthwash, recent dental work, breath temperature, body weight, medical conditions, and the maintenance and calibration of the machine. Probable cause is needed for a blood test, and accuracy of blood testing may be compromised by human error during collection, handling, testing or analysis of a sample.